Sunday, March 22, 2020

Preventive measures of noise pollution and causes effects

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The noise pollution (regulation and control) rules

Noise pollution is unwant sound. Which interferes with communication preventive measures of noise pollutionRecreation or sleep at work is normally created through human activities. Like industries transportation construction work or the use of electrical and electronic devices. Gadgets unlike other forms of pollution like air water or pollution. Therefore cause by harmful material noise does not remain in the environment for long.

Effect is immediate annoyance 

They are overview as far as their impact on health is concern in this programme. Because we will discuss the effect of noise pollution on health and also the possible. Above all steps that can be take for decreasing control measures of noise pollution acceptable sound.

Levels only some

Levels of sound in the atmosphere are acceptable to the human. Ear sounds that go beyond these levels. Almost, noise according to Kellis burger at all 1973 the acceptable.

Sound levels for various places

Residential area bedroom 25 decimals living room 40 decibels commercial. Area office 30 to 45 decibels conference 40 to 45 decibels. Restaurants 40 to 60 decibels industrial area workshop 40 to 60 decibels. Laboratory 40 to 50 decibels educational area classroom 30 to 40 decibels. Library 35 to 45 decibels but according to the Environment Protection.

The standard limits of sound of various places in India

Industrial area day time 75 decibels and night time 70 decibels. Commercial area day time 65 decibels night time 55 decibels. Residential area day time 55 decibels night time 45 decibels.
Silent zone day time 50 decibels and night time 40 decibels.

Noise exposure duration and intensity

Continues exposure to sound is always harmful to the hearing system. There is a level beyond which it creates pollution. The degree of hearing loss depends on the duration and intensity of sound. The largest exposure limit for various sound levels is 80 decibel sound for 12 hours. 90 decibels for 8 hours 93 decibels for 4 hours 96 decibels. 2 hours 99 decibels for 1 hour 100 decibels for 30 minutes 105 decibels measures to reduce noise pollution. 15 minutes 108 decibels for 7 minutes 111 decibels. For 3 and a half minutes 114 decibels for 2 minutes 115 decibels. 1 minute 118 decibels for 30 seconds 124 decibels for 15 seconds 127 decibels. 4.2 seconds 130 decibels for 2 seconds 133 decibels. 1 second and 135 decibels for 0.6 seconds.

The effect of various intensities of sound on human

Hearing is less than 25 decibels no problem in hearing 25 to 40 decibels. Problem in hearing of soft speech 40 to 50 decibels. Normal speech 55 to 70 decibels. 70 to 90 decibels only shouted. Speech can understood more than 90 decibels unable to hear intensity of noise. Impacts human health in various ways. 80 decibel is considere as annoy 90 decibels hearing damage for 8 hours. 95 decibels is very annoying 100 decibels stimulation of reception in skin. 120 decibels pain threshold 130 235 decibels measures to reduce noise pollution.
Nausea vomiting dizziness interference with touch 140 decibels. Plane in the year insanity in cases of prolonged exposure. 150 decibels burning of skin changes in pulse rate 160 decibels. Other minor permanent damage 180 decibels eardrum rupture and other permanent damage. 190 decibels lung damage impact of noise pollution on human body. Noise pollution impacts human body in various ways preventive measures of noise pollution.
It creates excretory disorders influencing the quantity of urine. Excreted due to the presence of Kito steroids it leads to respiratory. Disorders making it difficult for a person to breathe integumentary. System is also, affected decreasing the power of resistance of the skin. Causing dryness of the skin and creating cracks the nervous system.

Brain fatigue sleep interference abnormal

Conscious states and decreased sensation it causes auditory. Disorders like deafness and auditory fatigue optical disorders include. Dilation of the pupil and muscular tension sound pollution causes effects and control measures.
Digestive disorders leading to gastrointestinal. So problems may also occur the cardiovascular system is affect with disturbed. Blood flow disturbed pulse rate disturbed heart rate and disturbed. BP impact of noise pollution on human behavior noise. Pollution affects human behavior as well by disturbing peace.

Creating annoyance

Creating anxiety aggression depression mental disorientation lack of concentration. Reducing work efficiency interference in enjoyment and errors in judgment. Impact of preventive measures of noise pollution on wildlife the results of noise.
Pollution on by life our migration of birds from the noise. Habitat zoo animals like deer lions and rabbits become dull and inactive. And they health deteriorates effects food habits. Similarly, effects mating behavior stress reaction due to dysfunction of endocrine. Glands like thymus and adrenal impact of noise pollution on nonliving matter measures to reduce noise pollution.
Vibration originating from high intensity noise causes. Shattering of window panes loosening of plaster of house walls. Cracks in walls cracks in household crockery depreciation of residential property. Located near airports highways industrial areas. control of noise pollution. Noise pollution can be reduce or controlled.

Various methods noise can be controll

At source by using silencing devices in noise producing equipments keeping. The noise producing equipments at a distance choosing machines or equipments. That produce less noise conducting noisy. Operations in the open or away from residential areas keeping industrial. Area away from residential area using electric or battery-operated devices. In place of petrol or diesel operated devices.

Control of noise at transmission

Level various kinds of barriers are available which absorb noise. Because these can be use to reduce sound pollution. Some of these barriers and their sound absorbing capacities are asbestos. 0.6 mm twenty six decibels brickworks 11.6 mm 40 decibels.
Fireboard 1.2 mm 18 decibels plywood 0.6 mm 21 decibels. Cement slab 7.6 mm 35 decibels let sheet 0.5 mm 15 decibels. Plastic board 1.3 mm 12 decibels compressed wood 5 mm 28 decibels. Chipboard 1.8 mm 26 decibels clinker blocks 7.5 mm 23 decibels.
Curtains 0.25 mm 22 decibels protection from sound pollution. Earplugs earmuffs persons who are bound to be expose to sounds. Pollution levels maybe can use earplugs and earmuffs as protection devices.
Plantation trees and bushes have the quality to absorb noise and reduce. So, The intensity of sound thus plantation around the house and industries. Can reduce the level of measures to reduce noise pollution.

Through education and awareness

Awareness can be create in people through education camps and programs. About the adverse effect of noise pollution use of legislation. Finally use of pollution-free devices should made mandatory legislation. Can brought in for the creation of silent zones laws can be create for completely. Banning devices and activities which measures to reduce noise pollution. Levels laws like IPC 1060 sections 268278290 which defined.

Noise of resistance level and punishment

The same should be strict implemented regional laws should be enforce. Like MP control of music and noise Act 1951 the rajasthan noise control act 1963. As a result The bihar control of the use of loudspeakers act 1955 railway Act 1948. The Motor Vehicles Act 1939 and Delhi Motor Vehicles Act 1940. The Environment Protection Act 1972 noise is a silent killer of all life forms. Only self-discipline and social awareness can save.
The people from noise pollution we also need a special. Declaration for noise pollution because, the Stockholm declaration of 1972. Which deals with preventive measures of noise pollution does not consider noise as a pollutant noise. Pollution needs to be recognize as a source of environmental. Because,Pollution and only then can effective steps be take for protecting. The environment and the health of all life-forms.
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